IOT

10 security problems of the IOT

25th February 2019

The IoT presents a series of unknowns for users, ranging from privacy to security.

The growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) is continuous and the proof is that there are more and more devices of daily use connected to the network. The same happens in industries, where there is a trend towards the interconnection of autonomous and intelligent factories.

-Don’t miss: Challenges posed by IoT-

Technology is moving towards hyper-connectivity in platforms, networks, applications and devices, but all of this requires protection measures, in view of the intelligence capacity of the devices and their behaviour.

Difficulties with the safety of IoT devices

If we were to determine the most remarkable weakness in the Internet of Things, it would definitely be safety, not only in consumer devices but also in engineering and manufacturing.

But luckily, there are specialists in the support and development of solutions, such as Chakray. Our team of experts has complete knowledge of digital security, identity management, access control and much more.

IoT safety issues

IoT has to think beyond usability and focus on points like:

  • Software protection.
  • Implementation of practices against vulnerabilities.
  • Ensuring the authenticity and integrity of future patches.

We now present the 10 most common safety issues in this domain and their possible solutions.

1.Ecosystem Complexity

Since it doesn’t have to look like a compendium of stand-alone devices, IoT becomes tangled in its complexity. IoT should to be understood as a rich, broad and diverse ecosystem that integrates people, communications and interfaces.

Although it simplifies life and industrial production, the application of the concept is not simple, as there are many components in its ecosystem. These range from sensors (devices), networks (bridges, routers, WiFi technology, LiFi, etc.) and technological standards (protocols: network, communication and data) and regulations (confidentiality and security).

-Find out →  Privacy in IoT: things to keep in mind-

2. Limited capacities in devices

This happens with most computers because they come with limitations in power, processing and memory.

As a consequence, they are not managed as advanced security patterns should be, which is why they are at greater risk of being attacked or succumbing to defects.

That’s why the architecture of the equipment has to be scalable because it’s a way to offer security.

3. Limited experience

As technologies related to the Internet of Things are practically new, we do not have a background of previous threats to let us know about failures in protection. There are not many cybersecurity experts specializing in IoT. A few basic rules are barely available.

4. Threats and attacks

There are computer programs specially designed to attack IoT devices and the ecosystem itself. These are threats called malware. They perform unwanted actions without the user’s consent, causing damage and data theft.

Exploit Sequences are other code-based abuses that take advantage of fragile points to access the system, hitting the infrastructure with a high to severe impact, depending on the assets affected.

Among other threats, we could mention information modification, message reproduction, network failure, system or device failures, data filtering, device modification, etc.

Generally, manufacturers shorten the launch time of products, always thinking about the volume of sales and without stopping to consider fundamental factors in the design phase, such as access control or encryption of information, among many others…

5. Privacy

When we accept the contract without reading or understanding the clauses it implies, the privacy of our information is at risk.

The number of people who click “accept” without understanding or even reading the terms when using applications or devices to work with the Internet of Things is rather high.

Such an action poses a danger. Manufacturers, eager to stay one step ahead of the competition, do not care about auditing their equipment sufficiently, and probably do not dedicate sufficient resources to ensure that those who bring the devices into their lives are fully confident.

A suggestion? Taking advantage of training in cybersecurity or resorting to specialized companies with specific solutions.

Chakray is a company that specializes in this aspect, taking into account the inherent risks of systems, the specific aspects of individual devices and the certainty that they will not cause damage. Discover in this post how easy it is to implement an Identity Management solution.

An example for the first risks, there is an insecure Smtp freezer used to send spam; as for the second risk, some devices are so small as to support asymmetric encryption.

6. Reduced costs

In order to reduce costs, manufacturing companies could limit safety qualities. The result would be equipment that can never provide adequate protection. We would always be at risk.

Reducing costs in hardware as well as in development is a terrible mistake. The user is the one who ends up paying completely, considering the clauses that stipulate the companies in their contracts of terms and conditions.

7. Lack of clarity in responsibilities

Regarding safety in IoT devices, there are three key players: manufacturer, service provider and user. In the event of a cyber attack, the assignment of responsibilities is not entirely clear and can lead to conflicts.

Another important aspect is how security would be managed when a component is shared between several parts.

8. Lack of rigour in data processing

At the heart of this security problem at IoT is that the user is often unaware of how the data they transmit via sensor devices will be used, because conventional methods of consent are of poor quality, i.e. they do not specify the subsequent handling of personal information.

Such information could reach third parties, and the user will not be aware of this diffusion.

9. Safety versus efficiency

The speed with which IoT devices are to be manufactured limits safeguard considerations, and the budget is likely to have an impact, which means the company would emphasize usability rather than security.

In certain occasions, there is no balance to optimize the hardware and requirements of a computer used with the Internet of Things.

10. Limitation of anonymity

It’s linked to a lack of rigour in data processing. Sometimes we assume that anonymity is guaranteed in any service we use, but it really is not.

In IoT, to guarantee this, it is necessary to optimize the techniques of access control, encryption, design privacy, safeguarding the location and any basic aspect to avoid any undesired intervention.

After determining the main problems posed by the IoT, it is important to highlight once again the role of technology partners such as Chakray. If your company needs the advice to implement the best IoT solution, you’re in the right place! Contact us.

 

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